Departmental Seminar

Dodd-Walls Centre for Photonic and Quantum Technologies, Department of Physics, University of Otago

Dr John Helm
University of Otago

We propose a method of atom-interferometry using a spinor Bose-Einstein (BEC) and the well-established experimental technique of time-varying magnetic fields as a coherent beam-splitter. Our protocol creates long-lived superpositional counterflow states, which are of fundamental interest and can be made sensitive to both the Sagnac effect and magnetic fields on the sub micro-Gauss scale.

We split a ringtrapped condensate, initially in the mf = 0 hyperfine sub-level, into superpositions of both internal spin state and condensate superflow, which are spin-orbit coupled. After interrogation a relative phase accumulation can be inferred from a population transfer to the mf = ±1 states. Our protocol maximises the classical Fisher information, and owing to the adiabatic splitting it may be a good candidate for developing quantum enhanced interferometry schemes. We present numerical and analytical treatments of our system.

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