The master T-operator and Baxter Q-operators for quantum
Dr Zengo Tsuboi
The Baxter Q-operators were originally introduced by Baxter when he solved the 8-vertex model. His method of the Q-operators is recognized as one of the most powerful tools in quantum integrable systems.
Our goal is to construct the Q-operators systematically, to express the T-operators (transfer matrices) in terms of the Q-operators, and to establish functional relations among them. For this purpose, we consider an embedding of the quantum integrable systems into the soliton theory. The key object is the master T-operator (tau-function in the soliton theory), which is a sort of a generating function of the transfer matrices. The Q-operators are defined as residues of the master T-operator.
The Q-operators can also be defined as the trace of monodromy matrices, which are product of some L-operators. In general, such L-operators are image of the universal R-matrix for q-oscillator representations of a Borel subalgebra of the quantum affine algebra. I will also talk about the construction of such L-operators for the Q-operators.