The department of nuclear physics hosts the largest and most powerful ion accelerators in Australia. Ten permanent beam lines attached to the accelerators provide a diverse array of state-of-the-art detector systems that facilitate world-leading research across a broad range of fields. Major research areas include
High-energy, heavy ions provided by the facility have also led to new and active areas of research in collaboration with the department of electronic materials engineering. These include fundamental studies of ion-solid interaction processes and the development of ion-beam analysis techniques. Other areas of research include, but are not limited to, materials modification and studies of hyperfine interactions in materials.
Research within the department is also closely tied to a program of continuous upgrading and development of the 14UD and linear booster accelerators.